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Thursday, August 4, 2022

What to know about cardiovascular disease


What to know about cardiovascular disease

CVD is now the most common cause of deathTrusted Source worldwide. even so , there are many more ways to abate the risk of growth these conditions. There are as well as  many more treatment choice  to hand if do they occur.

The treatment, mark , and prevention of the state that are part of CVD often overlap.

In this article, we look at the distant  types of CVD, their mark and causes, and how to prevent and treat them.


CVD take in many more  distant  types of condition. Some of these might growth at the same time or lead to other state or diseases within the category .

Diseases and conditions that affect the heart include:

  • angina, a type of chest pain that occurs due to decreased blood flow into the heart
  • arrhythmia, or an irregular heartbeat or heart rhythm
  • congenital heart disease, in and that a issue with heart function or structure is present from birth
  • coronary artery disease, and that affects the arteries that feed the heart muscle 
  • heart attack, or a sudden blockage to the heart’s blood flow and oxygen give 
  • heart failure, wherein the heart cannot contract or relax usually 
  • dilated cardiomyopathy, a type of heart failure, in and that the heart gets larger and cannot pump blood efficiently
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, in and that the heart muscle walls thicken and problems with relaxation of the muscle, blood flow, and electrical instability growth 
  • mitral regurgitation, in and that blood leaks back through the mitral valve of the heart during contractions
  • mitral valve prolapse, in and that part of the mitral valve bulges into the left atrium of the heart while it contracts, causing mitral regurgitation 
  • pulmonary stenosis, in and that a narrowing of the pulmonary artery reduces blood flow from the right ventricle (pumping chamber to the lungs) to the pulmonary artery (blood vessel that carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs)
  • aortic stenosis, a narrowing of the heart valve that can cause blockage to blood flow leaving the heart
  • atrial fibrillation, an irregular rhythm that can increase the risk of stroke
  • rheumatic heart disease, a problem of strep throat that causes inflammation in the heart and and that can affect the function of heart valves
  • radiation heart disease, wherein radiation to the chest can lead to harmful to the heart valves and blood vessels 


Symptoms will be vary depending on the specific state . Some conditions, such as type 2 diabetes or hypertension, may initially cause no mark  at all.

even so , typical mark of an basic cardiovascular issue include:

  • pain or pressure in the chest, and that may indicate angina
  • pain or discomfort in the arms, left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back
  • shortness of breath
  • nausea and fatigue
  • lightheadedness or dizziness
  • cold sweats

Although these are the most common ones, CVD can cause symptoms anywhere in the body.

Lifestyle tips

People can take the following steps to prevent some of the conditions within CVD:

  • Manage body weight: The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders advise that if a person loses 5–10%Trusted Source of their body weight, they may reduce their risk of developing CVD.

  • Get regular exercise: The American Heart Association (AHA) approval doing 150 minutesTrusted Source of moderate-to-intense physical activity every week.

  • Follow a heart-fitness diet: Eating foods that contain polyunsaturated fats and omega-3, such as oily fish, alongside fruits and vegetables can support heart fitness  and abate the risk of CVD. abate the intake of action food, salt, saturated fat, and added sugar has a similar effect.

  • Quit smoking: Smoking is a key risk factor for almost all forms of CVD. Although quitting can be difficult, taking steps to do so can drastically reduce its damaging effects on the heart.


The treatment option that is best for a person will be depend on their specific type of CVD.

even so , some options include:

  • medication, such as to abate low density lipoprotein cholesterol, better  blood flow, or regulate heart rhythm
  • surgery, such as coronary artery bypass grafting or valve repair or restore surgery
  • cardiac rehabilitation, involve exercise remedy and lifestyle solacing 

Treatment aims to:

  • relieve symptoms
  • reduce the risk of the state or disease recurring or getting worse
  • prevent problem , such as hospital admission, heart failure, stroke, heart attack, or death

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